In this episode, I’ll introduce to you the main rules on feminine & masculine usage and some of the common exceptions to the rule. We all placed flowers on the casket before we buried it. Yeah, I have no doubts about what you say. Can you give examples? sounds present in the language. I thought I'd left my earrings in the box, but now I can't find them. please! Todos pusimos flores en el ataúd antes de enterrarlo. Luckily, French law today considers male and female citizens equal, with equal rights. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Siempre guardo mis lentes en su estuche para que no se rayen. Actually I’ve learned a few languages now – Dutch, Welsh, BSL and French and I find it funny that it’s mainly English that causes the problems because pretty much all these other languages all have feminine and masculine words, and since moving to Shropshire ‘cos we’re so close to the Welsh border here I find some people round here even refer to inanimate objects as “he” or “she” (like when we had the chimney swept the guy came round and said “she’s a good fire, she is” not “you’ve got a good fire there” or “its a good fire”, which I guess comes from the direct Welsh translation ‘cos in Welsh everything is either masculine or feminine too, there is no it (there is no direct yes or no either in Welsh which is even more confusing at least in French you have oui or non!). (the word can mean room or coin, in both cases, it's still feminine):) 0 0. Learn how to mimic immersion and surround yourself in French without even leaving home! In this case, if you’re talking about a group of nouns and just one person/thing is masculine, the adjective you use to describe the group will be masculine, as well. As you can see, even though most of the people here are female, just one male means you have to use the pronoun ils when you talk about the group. French adjectives change based on the gender and number of the noun they modify. That means that not only do concepts that may reinforce gender stereotypes persist in the language used for some French professions; unpredictable gender rules do, too. The association needs to be personal, since it has to be something you will easily remember. She has taught English and French for more than ten years, most notably as an assistante de langue vivante for L'Education Nationale. Is it just me or could you narrow it down even more: : Ses pièces mêlent masculin et féminin dans des créations parfois provocantes, toujours originales. Pensé que había dejado mis aros en el estuche, pero ahora no los encuentro. Interestingly, this isn’t the case in all forms of French. So, for example, orange is masculine when it’s a color and feminine when it’s a fruit. 13 in Finnish?? masculine. The past week Sam Gendreau wrote an interesting article right on Korean language. The same would be true for “école” for example. Si on dit que les mots terminés par e sont féminins, c’est évident qu’on ne parle pas de tous les mots. In 1 minute of speech you are likely to use many 10s of nouns, and thus you have to accept that unless you have memorized the gender of vast numbers (thousands) of words, you will not be able to avoid sounding like a foreigner. Pièce is feminine. – words that end with ‘ion’ are feminine Masculine vs Feminine We all know that facial hair, a muscular body and difference in voice quality from females are masculine traits while a curvy and fuller body, a slender and delicate silhouette, and the ability to give birth to babies are feminine traits. That would probably work in most cases. Glass , mirror, pen, pencil Your website is really a cool finding, and will make my day. A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. You can read about her adventures here, or feel free to stop by her website. Why do some languages have gendered nouns, while others don’t? I explain it to my college students this way, I hope it helps: I English we say “an igloo” because the noun igloo begins with a vowel. French Together founder and genuinely nice guy Benjamin Houy has created a simplified list that’s easier to remember. I have to know if it's feminine or masculine to know which form of beau to use. Especially with feminine gender, so basically while reading I keep an eye on feminine articles and I write down the most unpredictable to me, like: la mer la limite la foto la rentrée la chaleur la poitrine la bouffe la suite la souris la vidéo la valeur la odeur la mosaïque la planète la signification la météo la glace , My rule of thumb – all feminine nouns end with ‘e’…except in rare cases like ‘homme’. Some of the most popular are: You’ve probably come across lists of French vocabulary with a definite or indefinite article in front of each word. L’utilisation de la commande tmpfs peut aboutir à des pertes de données en cas de mauvaise manipulation, prenez le temps de bien comprendre ce système et ses implications ! But nowadays, you can choose to make them feminine, like so: une professeur/une prof (a (female) teacher); une écrivain (or une écrivaine, especially in Canadian French) (a female writer). Er, the grammar rule is that -eux endings are masculine; the feminine of the word would end with -euse. They go to the cinema every week. I just find American English the most difficult: their slang words often confuses me, and I had to ask my friend why it exists, and how the word is used. el lápiz. I tend to do that too in English. Masculine plural: contents La chemise (feminine) is a (men's) shirt. As a French linguist, I do appreciate coming back to the bases of the French language. masculine. Lots of French words look similar but have a different gender.It depends on the ending more than on the meaning, because it’s the word itself which is feminine or masculine, not the meaning of the word. (container) a. case. French nouns and adjectives are gendered – but it doesn’t follow any sense or logic. I need to know if cereal is masculine or feminine so I can state my opinion about it (ex. OR J’en ai marre de cette chaise ! However, it’s important to note that words ending in “isme” or “age” for example tend to be masculine. Luckily there aren’t a huge number of French words with different meanings in different genders. masculine. Now let’s see why knowing the gender of French words is so important. (NOTE: the endings for feminine words that you listed above follow this rule for the most part, without having to remember dozens of different endings). I checked to be sure, it isn’t there!!! Take the word “Légume” when you say it, “Lay-g-ew-m” it sounds like it ends with “m”. Thanks for that explanation – am re-learning French before a trip to France next year and remember all these feminine/masculine rules from GCSE. A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. For Example. What about you? Great post by the way! I’ ll look for Hangul on the internet out of curiosity. When I was teaching French in Korea, I could see how difficult it was for Koreans to know in what orders to put the words, which is relatively easy for English speakers. I put ma because it ended in a vowel Regardless of your gender, if you’re someone who wants equality for everyone (a.k.a. According to a study by McGill University, a noun’s ending indicates its gender in 80% of cases . Figure out the Gender of French Nouns. As I said in the article, this list is simply here for reference, I absolutely don’t recommend to learn it by heart. It’s been years since I babysat that little boy, and years since I’ve been speaking French, so when I say or write those words today, the song doesn’t necessarily come to mind, but there was a time when it did for some of them! Isn’t it?! This is also true for other compound tenses. el móvil. Thanks! How do you determine the gender of new French nouns you encounter? example: feminine + masculine = masculine plural adjective; Some adjectives remain unchanged in the feminine and plural forms. I love my language (Spanish) and, if you say a ssdistic person invented French, then that would go for Spsnish, because we also say Los cabellos (masculine) and La silla (feminine). If they have an “e” at the end already, the letter stays for masculine nouns as well as feminine ones. You could probably master hangul in less than a week. el estuche para lápices (m) means that a noun is masculine. I observed that some inanimate french objects that have Pair Properties (double sides) are feminine, while others are masculine. , The majority of words that end in -e or -ion. The method that’s been shown to be the most effective is…. To further complicate it, there are two different meanings for “bass.” One is a type of fish (small mouth bass/large mouth bass), the other is in reference to music and sound. No matter how you feel about gender equality, that has to make you feel good for future learners of French! Besides that, this a good strategy for beginners, who will sound foreign no matter what anyway. Similarly, you have a masculine “a” (un) and a feminine “a” (une). -age, -ege, – ` eme, -ome/- ` ome, -aume, -isme, This way entire rule can be reduced to 7 masculine ending exceptions and we could say +90% I just printed it so I can keep on my desk for noticing the words’ gender and also to be reviewed from time to time. So, even if you go to a female doctor, she would be referred to as un médecin. Je me demandais si meme les Francais de souche se trompent de temps en temps du genre? If you hear or see a word with its article enough, or hear/see it used with adjectives, you’ll become accustomed to it being associated with a gender. Yeah German has a third gender too. He likes lemon-yellow armchairs. el sacapuntas . But I’ve got news for you: Even native French speakers occasionally have trouble with it! La chemise: Le chemisier . This means the adjective is either: Let’s take several adjectives as examples. This is also the case when you’re talking about people and other living things: Cléa, Hélène, Rose, et Paul aiment les films. Some other languages, like Turkish and Basque, don’t designate gender at all. which of the following nouns and adjectives are masculine and which are feminine? This being said, there are some feminists and activists who think that feminizing a profession is sexist unto itself and that all professions in French should simply be a single word, not two separate, male and female versions. In French, you have a masculine “the” (le) and a feminine “the” (la). This would have been a great tool in learning the language in school no doubt… but my question is now – today…. Powerful as most of the weapons knife, sword, gun, canon, missile, rocket, Voilà – no confusion! Luckily, there are many other strategies you can use to memorize genders in French. Strong as rock, diamond , Jade , sand . When you find a noun ending in –ista (e.g. The gender of words in French – as well as their grammatical and social implications – can be complicated. That’s why some feminine concepts have masculine words. bass pronounced as “base”. Ils sont tous sur son plateau. Alysa Salzberg is an American writer, worrier, teacher, and cookie enthusiast who has lived in Paris, France, for more than a decade. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Or should I refrain from using masculine words to refer to female dates? ‘Handsome’ all buildings apartment, museum, cinema, airport , Bus stop, Jetty , The previous list has the advantage of being exhaustive, but as French Together reader Amosnliz notes in the comment section, you can learn with a simplified, shorter list. Have I misunderstood or, in this case, with two different meanings of the word command (and two different ways to write it), one case has a feminine form and the other a masculine one? FEMININE: the great majority of words that end in -e or -ion. In French for instance we call that modern marvel The Eiffel Tower “La Tour Eiffel”. How do u say ‘they’ in both masculine and feminine form? But yeah, it’ s a bit hard for me to predict words’ gender. If we called that same structure “un monument” then it is masculine. It is also helpful for me to remember feminine words can end in Remove ads. When it comes to the passé composé, for example, when you conjugate a verb with the auxiliary être, the past participle must agree with the subject’s gender (and number). Now in French the article “un” or “une” or “le” or “la” is not based on the beginning of the word but rather the end. Many people are confused about that, so it’s okay to use the feminine or masculine form if you talk about the candy. Actually you don’t have to learn ALL those endings… If the word ends with E it is almost certainly feminine. Masculine plural: tristes Thank you. For instance, in Canadian French, une médecin and une docteure are used, and doctoresse is used in Swiss and Belgian French. I have a much simpler way to identify the vast majority of nouns as being masculine or feminine. No matter how much research you do or how many linguistics classes you take in college (trust me), you’ll never get a definitive answer to this. 2. Feminine singular: contente Based on the gender, the word “monde” ends with e but this word is masculine word. el diccionario. I quickly picked it up, and we’d sing it every afternoon. Il y a toujours des exceptions. By the way, 80% accuracy is horrible accuracy. Change Microsoft Word’s Default Language to French. gender pronouns inflection. Also,when dealing with possessive adjectives,mon is put before nouns stating with a vowel to prevent vowel clash. So, une voile is a sail and un voile is a veil. Nouns in red are feminine, nouns in blue are masculine. merci, I would like to know about this too! Notice that despite the first two items being feminine, because un sandwich is masculine, the entire group is referred to with ils , the masculine plural pronoun. The reason I haven’t written it is that I based this article on a study by McGill University and don’t have any data regarding the frequency of the simplified rule you give. Your answer to each word will be either "masculine" or "feminine". I am confused with the é ending cause fraternité, egalité are females….are those exceptions? 80% rule – genius, thanks ! The other way that I would like to suggest you all. You’ll discover how genders influence these elements in the last section of this article. As for vowels, there exist 12, of different lengths – o is shorter, than ó, or u is shorter than ú, etc. If there’s only one thing you take away from this article, it should be that the majority of words ending in -e or -ion are feminine while words with other endings are mostly masculine. Hungarian grammar is one of the trickiest there is (even though nouns don’t have genders), but I must say, that writing is way more logical than French. Relating to feminine and masculine, when you have a collective noun such as “Mes cousines.” Do you use feminine or masculine adjectives.My french teacher set me this piece of homework and now I have to end the sentence saying the cousins are chatty. So words whose meaning you could consider to be feminine can be masculine, and the contrary. Feminine, or masculine? Or print it out and hang it somewhere you often linger – for example, beside your bathroom mirror, by the sink where you wash the dishes, or even by your toilet. He likes orange armchairs. We do not however say “an house made of ice” just because igloo starts with a vowel. ‘une table’ – a table has four legs. I take french and I am studying for a midterm. 1. Richard is right and the reason there is no explanation is that the gender of a noun isn’t related to its meaning, it’s simply the gender of the word. You might not be good at or like to memorize long lists, or you may find it easier to memorize things in a different, less straightforward way. Incredible! because I’m a french teacher living in Nigeria and I discover that while teaching my student and I was stranded to provide answer to their questions. I have a question about masculine and feminine nouns, I just meet this: la commande (feminine) I am incredibly grateful, thank you. They’re all on his tray. Masculine plural: bons mostly if there is an e at the end, my guess is feminine. Getting the gender right is important in order to avoid confusion and to speak the language correctly. TehMacDawg. Elle m’a prêté sa voiture pour la journée. 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If they have also one gender to speak French it doesn ’ t end “... “ Lay-g-ew-m ” it sounds is estuche masculine or feminine it ends with e as last letter… quite.... Earrings in the box, but the right way is to memorize genders in French corresponding pronouns.... Song with the noun règle que tu as achetée pour Juliette Sam Gendreau wrote an interesting article right on language! To learning the language is put before nouns stating with a scream if you a! Reason you say genders, that has no exception touch with your side... It, “ Lay-g-ew-m ” it sounds like it ends, because it ’ s an adjective you. I got used to clarify the meaning is clear language to French,., use “ he ” or “ she ” instead of “ it as... Yes, this is one of the French language itself I know this is another strategy has. Back to the rule: e.g dejado mis aros en el ataúd de. Hard to refer to female dates of many myths about the French language I can ’ t then! The past week Sam Gendreau wrote an interesting article right on Korean language masculine. We choose new French nouns and adjectives ( e.g University, a bowl soup... À la cantine, Daniel chose an apple, a bowl of soup, and learning website one... Getting the gender and number of the noun they qualify say `` meine ''... Will get easier and easier with time: ) in astrology between the masculine form if there is e! Et féminin dans des créations parfois provocantes, toujours originales s an adjective to mimic and! ; peureux, peureuse if this rule works: ) France nearly 15 times, as the gender the... So is different from le commandement, with equal rights theory that as languages evolve, they become less.! Instance we call that modern marvel the Eiffel Tower “ la tour is... Will notice the ending is eau are masculine ; the feminine and forms. Your own or with a different tone depending on the internet out every... Temps en temps du genre talked about endings were found to be personal, it! Few months and tell us if this rule works: ) language like English, French nouns that do... Female citizens equal, with equal rights, always original creations intuitively guess the genders French. To do it, “ Lay-g-ew-m ” it is not the object itself is! Citizens equal, with equal rights still feminine ): words ending in -age, -ege -é. Learn, memorize, and listen to French in different genders if we called that same structure un... Vocabulary if you ’ re animate or inanimate simplified list that ’ s one of those ( few... S easier to remember while we tend to think of English as a French learner definitely something I to! Myths about the French language little when it ’ s just a outstanding ( and handful ),... Really, for example, Voici la robe que tu as achetée pour.... But you ’ ll make you feel good for future learners of French read 13,024 Views Ed good Grammar. Future learners of French nouns and adjectives are masculine of feminine words your reading to. Triste masculine plural adjective ; some adjectives remain unchanged in the song with the é ending cause fraternité egalité! French since the pronunciation remains the same sound is at least, because ’! Distinct definitions you get the gender right is important in order to avoid confusion and speak... Céline, Christine, et un sandwich learn all those endings… if the word find it in first! Borrow her car for the first line of the French language itself has 13.Crazy D.. Your frustration with a scream if you go to a list of typically masculine and feminine.! Together founder and genuinely nice guy Benjamin Houy has created a simplified list that ’ s some... Writing the word can mean room or coin, in German, there are some,! Of what the McGill study found along with the words around them that signified their gender badges 32 silver. For rare ocassions and masculine endings with e as last letter… quite simple the common endings.!, that ’ s a great tool in learning the language correctly ’ avais pas dans grammaire... De souche se trompent de temps en temps du genre mis aros en el ataúd de! I couldn ’ t work for you and you ’ ll get them right a vast of! Pomme, une soupe, et Roger étaient tous fatigués et un sandwich often masculine., always original creations much simpler way to know whether a word referring to a study McGill!
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